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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. QuestDB vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. QuestDB vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonQuestDB  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA high performance open source SQL database for time series dataPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score85.33
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1.19
Rank#161  Overall
#12  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasequestdb.io
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlquestdb.io/­docs/­introduction
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftQuestDB LimitedTeradata
Initial release1984201020142005
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes infoschema-free via InfluxDB Line ProtocolFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnoyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
InfluxDB Line Protocol (TCP/UDP)
JDBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C infoPostgreSQL driver
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust infoover HTTP
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLnoR packages
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by timestamps)Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableConfigurable consistency for N replicasyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID for single-table writesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infothrough memory mapped filesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureQuestDBTeradata Aster
Specific characteristicsRelational model with native time series support Column based storage and time partitioned...
» more
Competitive advantagesReal-time data ingestion and istant SQL queries for time series High performance...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication metrics Financial market data and algo trading DevOps monitoring Real-time...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0.
» more
News

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QuestDB 6.2 January release, SQL JIT compiler
27 January 2022

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureQuestDBTeradata Aster
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