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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. TimesTen vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. TimesTen vs. XTDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonObjectBox  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceExtremely fast embedded database for small devices, IoT and MobileIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to OracleA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Object oriented DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.93
Rank#181  Overall
#8  Object oriented DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#339  Overall
#48  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbobjectbox.iowww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.htmlgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.objectbox.iodocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1xtdb.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftObjectBox LimitedOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005Juxt Ltd.
Initial release19842014201719982019
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)1.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++Clojure
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
iOS
Linux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languagenoyeslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Proprietary native APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Dart
Go
Java
JavaScript infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Kotlin
Python infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Swift
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptnoPL/SQLno
TriggersyesJavaScriptnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceonline/offline synchronization between client and serverMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpointsyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxTimesTenXTDB infoformerly named Crux
News

Beginner C++ Database Tutorial: How to use ObjectBox
24 November 2021

Beginner C++ tutorial: ObjectBox installation
26 October 2021

ObjectBox Database Java / Kotlin 3.0 + CRUD Benchmarks
19 October 2021

Building a Business on Open Source
1 July 2021

IoT, Edge Computing, and Digitalization in Healthcare
28 June 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxTimesTenXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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Recent citations in the news

ChaosDB: Infosec bods could pull anyone's plaintext Azure Cosmos DB keys at will from Microsoft admin tools
12 November 2021, The Register

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Incident Underscores the Need to Closely Watch Cloud Data
30 August 2021, Dark Reading

Microsoft announces several new updates for Azure Cosmos DB - MSPoweruser
25 May 2021, MSPoweruser

Azure Cosmos DB Conf - Microsoft
21 April 2021, Channel 9

provided by Google News

ObjectBox has built a distributed database for the IoT
17 September 2019, Stacey on IoT

ObjectBox: Empowering the Edge
7 September 2021, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

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