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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. OrigoDB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. OrigoDB vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonObjectBox  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceExtremely fast embedded database for small devices, IoT and MobileA fully ACID in-memory object graph databaseIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Object oriented DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.92
Rank#106  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score40.82
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.92
Rank#182  Overall
#9  Object oriented DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#348  Overall
#50  Document stores
#19  Object oriented DBMS
Score2.05
Rank#122  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbobjectbox.ioorigodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.objectbox.ioorigodb.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftObjectBox LimitedRobert Friberg et alOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201420172009 infounder the name LiveDB1998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C#
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
iOS
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesUser defined using .NET types and collectionsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infocan be achieved using .NETno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languagenonoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Proprietary native API.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Dart
Go
Java
JavaScript infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Kotlin
Python infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Swift
.NetC
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptnoyesPL/SQL
TriggersyesJavaScriptnoyes infoDomain Eventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonehorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronizednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceonline/offline synchronization between client and serverSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesdepending on modelyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoWrite ahead logyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyesRole based authorizationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxOrigoDBTimesTen
News

Beginner C++ Database Tutorial: How to use ObjectBox
24 November 2021

Beginner C++ tutorial: ObjectBox installation
26 October 2021

ObjectBox Database Java / Kotlin 3.0 + CRUD Benchmarks
19 October 2021

Building a Business on Open Source
1 July 2021

IoT, Edge Computing, and Digitalization in Healthcare
28 June 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxOrigoDBTimesTen
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