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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NCache vs. TimesTen vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NCache vs. TimesTen vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNCache  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOpen-Source and Enterprise in-memory Key-Value StoreIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to OracleA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Search engine infoUsing distributed Lucene
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.86
Rank#187  Overall
#30  Key-value stores
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#296  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.alachisoft.com/­ncachewww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.htmltinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.alachisoft.com/­resources/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftAlachisoftOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842014200519982009
Current releasev18 R5, January 20215.2, April 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoEnterprise Edition availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
NCache Cloud: NCache Cloud is available in Azure and AWS Marketplaces as a Service. This means you can now obtain it instantaneously with a few mouse clicks, and seamlessly scale your cache deployment without any down time.
Implementation languageC#, .NET, .NET Core, JavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typespartial infoSupported data types are Lists, Queues, Hashsets, Dictionary and Counteryesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageSQL-like query syntax and LINQ for searching the cache. Cache Synchronization with SQL Server using SQL dependency.yesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
IDistributedCache
JCache
LINQ
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
.Net Core
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Visual Basic.NET
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptno infosupport for stored procedures with SQL-Server CLRPL/SQLno
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes infoNotificationsnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with selectable consistency levelMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Strong Eventual Consistency over WAN with Conflict Resolution using Bridge Topology
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationnone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic locking and pessimistic lockingACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpointsoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAuthentication to access the cache via Active Directory/LDAP (possible roles: user, administrator)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNCacheTimesTenTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsNCache has been the market leader in .NET Distributed Caching since 2005 . NCache...
» more
Competitive advantagesNCache is 100% .NET/ .NET Core based which fully supports ASP.NET Core Sessions ,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNCache enables industries like retail, finance, banking IoT, travel, ecommerce, healthcare...
» more
Key customersBank of America, Citi, Natures Way, Charter Spectrum, Barclays, Henry Schein, GBM,...
» more
Market metricsMarket Leader in .NET Distributed Caching since 2005.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNCache Open Source is free on an as-is basis without any support. NCache Enterprise...
» more
News

NCache 5.2 SP1 Released
9 November 2021

Use a Cache Loader to boost your eCommerce Business!
7 October 2021

NCache Pub/Sub Messaging for Distributed Applications
22 September 2021

ASP.NET/ASP.NET Core Session Sharing with NCache
13 September 2021

How to Use NCache in Docker
9 September 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNCacheTimesTenTinkerGraph
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Recent citations in the news

ChaosDB: Infosec bods could pull anyone's plaintext Azure Cosmos DB keys at will from Microsoft admin tools
12 November 2021, The Register

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
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Microsoft announces several new updates for Azure Cosmos DB - MSPoweruser
25 May 2021, MSPoweruser

Azure Cosmos DB Conf - Microsoft
21 April 2021, Channel 9

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25 February 2019, InfoWorld

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