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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NCache vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NCache vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNCache  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOpen-Source and Enterprise in-memory Key-Value StoreIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Search engine infoUsing distributed Lucene
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score40.04
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.83
Rank#188  Overall
#31  Key-value stores
Score2.08
Rank#118  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.alachisoft.com/­ncacheoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.alachisoft.com/­resources/­docsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftAlachisoftTobias Oetiker
Initial release1984201420051999
Current releasev18 R5, January 20215.2, April 20211.7.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoEnterprise Edition availableOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
NCache Cloud: NCache Cloud is available in Azure and AWS Marketplaces as a Service. This means you can now obtain it instantaneously with a few mouse clicks, and seamlessly scale your cache deployment without any down time.
Implementation languageC#, .NET, .NET Core, JavaC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typespartial infoSupported data types are Lists, Queues, Hashsets, Dictionary and CounterNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageSQL-like query syntax and LINQ for searching the cache. Cache Synchronization with SQL Server using SQL dependency.no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
IDistributedCache
JCache
LINQ
Proprietary native API
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
.Net Core
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Visual Basic.NET
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptno infosupport for stored procedures with SQL-Server CLRno
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes infoNotificationsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with selectable consistency levelnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Strong Eventual Consistency over WAN with Conflict Resolution using Bridge Topology
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic locking and pessimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAuthentication to access the cache via Active Directory/LDAP (possible roles: user, administrator)no
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNCacheRRDtool
Specific characteristicsNCache has been the market leader in .NET Distributed Caching since 2005 . NCache...
» more
Competitive advantagesNCache is 100% .NET/ .NET Core based which fully supports ASP.NET Core Sessions ,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNCache enables industries like retail, finance, banking IoT, travel, ecommerce, healthcare...
» more
Key customersBank of America, Citi, Natures Way, Charter Spectrum, Barclays, Henry Schein, GBM,...
» more
Market metricsMarket Leader in .NET Distributed Caching since 2005.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNCache Open Source is free on an as-is basis without any support. NCache Enterprise...
» more
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNCacheRRDtool
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