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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Access vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Access vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score100.63
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score44.12
Rank#23  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesshelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftSAP
Initial release198419922010
Current releasev20, April 20231902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20192.0 SPS07 (April 4, 2023), April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003yes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft AccessSAP HANA
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