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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Access vs. OrientDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Access vs. OrientDB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score143.44
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score1.88
Rank#128  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessorientdb.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.stardog.com
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPStardog-Union
Initial release1984199220102010
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.1.9, February 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language, no joinsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJava, Javascriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineHooksyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft AccessOrientDBStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Key customersBosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsYou can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft AccessOrientDBStardog
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