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DBMS > 4D vs. Microsoft Access vs. OrientDB vs. Prometheus vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Microsoft Access vs. OrientDB vs. Prometheus vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Open-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score128.95
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score6.27
Rank#62  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessorientdb.orgprometheus.iowww.stardog.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlprometheus.io/­docsdocs.stardog.com
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPStardog-Union
Initial release19841992201020152010
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.1.9, February 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaGoJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoImport of XML data possibleno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language, no joinsnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJava, Javascriptnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineHooksnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replicationyes infoby FederationMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationship in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft AccessOrientDBPrometheusStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMicrosoft AccessOrientDBPrometheusStardog
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