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DBMS > 4D vs. MaxDB vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MaxDB vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score4.06
Rank#87  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.19
Rank#289  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.commaxdb.sap.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.commaxdb.sap.com/­documentation
Developer4D, IncSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997
Initial release198419842009
Current releasev18 R5, January 20217.9.10 (January 2020), 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DTinkerGraph
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