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DBMS > 4D vs. MaxDB vs. RisingWave

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MaxDB vs. RisingWave

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonRisingWave  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsA distributed RDBMS for stream processing, wire-compatible with PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.20
Rank#113  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#240  Overall
#110  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.commaxdb.sap.comwww.risingwave.com/­database
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.commaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.risingwave.com/­docs/­current/­intro
Developer4D, IncSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997RisingWave Labs
Initial release198419842022
Current releasev20, April 20237.9.10.12, February 20241.2, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Docker
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesStandard SQL-types and JSON
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
JDBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesUDFs in Python or Java
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers and Roles

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DRisingWave
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