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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. MariaDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. MariaDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.In-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#99  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.40
Rank#227  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score89.79
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score145.64
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score50.82
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilymariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
redis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncMcObjectMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP
Initial release19842001200920092010
Current releasev18.1, March 20208.1, November 201910.4.12, January 20206.0.1, May 20202.0 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availableyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3LuaSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBMariaDBRedisSAP HANA
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
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MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
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Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBMariaDBRedisSAP HANA
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