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DBMS > 4D vs. LokiJS vs. Milvus vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. LokiJS vs. Milvus vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemIn-memory JavaScript DBMSA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeSearch engineGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#228  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score0.37
Rank#259  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score2.24
Rank#121  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSmilvus.iowww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, Inc
Initial release1984201420192017
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.0, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++, GoC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoNumeric and Stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nonoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JavaScript APIRESTful HTTP APIGSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaScriptC++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptnoyes
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possiblenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnonoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLokiJSMilvusTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLokiJSMilvusTigerGraph
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