DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. LevelDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. LevelDB vs. Snowflake

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score3.08
Rank#98  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
Developer4D, IncGoogleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release198420112014
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functions
Triggersyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLevelDBSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

How Infrastructure Providers Can Enable Web3 – The New Stack
23 December 2021, thenewstack.io

Nexus: Integrating blockchain functionality with traditional applications
18 January 2022, AMBCrypto News

Malicious npm package caught trying to steal sensitive Discord and browser files
28 August 2020, ZDNet

Speedb is a drop-in replacement for RocksDB that wants to take the embedded key-value store world by storm
17 November 2021, ZDNet

Squeezing More Performance Out Of The Linux Kernel With Clang + LTO
21 July 2021, Phoronix

provided by Google News

All Eyes on Snowflake and Databricks in 2022
20 January 2022, Datanami

Arabesque to deliver real-time ESG data via Snowflake
21 January 2022, Finextra

All your database are belong to us: Snowflake named DBMS of the year by DB-Engines
6 January 2022, The Register

Where Will Snowflake Be in 1 Year?
21 January 2022, Motley Fool

Collibra Announces Investment from Snowflake to Expand Data Intelligence for Snowflake Data Cloud
11 January 2022, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Storage Software Engineer/Researcher, Infrastructure System Lab
ByteDance, Seattle, WA

Senior Software Engineer
IT People, Morrisville, NC

Senior Database Engineer - DataHub
Bloomberg, New York, NY

Senior Software Engineer- Database Internals
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Principal Engineer - Database Internals
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Remote Database Administrator, Sr.
TForce TL Holdings, Joplin, MO

OPERATIONS ASSOCIATE, SPORTSBOOK
DraftKings, Las Vegas, NV

Associate Director, Advanced Analytics
AT&T, Dallas, TX

Database Administrator, Associate
BlackRock, Atlanta, GA

Database Developer
Farm Credit Services of America, Omaha, NE

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here