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DBMS > 4D vs. LevelDB vs. SingleStore vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. LevelDB vs. SingleStore vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storageIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.97
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score5.53
Rank#67  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score2.01
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.singlestore.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.singlestore.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncGoogleSingleStore Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201120131998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.23, February 20217.3, December 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infofree developer edition availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux info64 bit version requiredAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes, but no triggers and foreign keysyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesPL/SQL
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency only within each nodeImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITEDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLevelDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTimesTen
Specific characteristicsSingleStore is The No Limits Database™, powering modern applications and analytical...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance - Shattering the Trillion-Rows-Per-Second Barrier Fast data ingest -...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Analytics Internet of Things Personalization and Recommendations Risk Management...
» more
Key customersComcast - Real-time Stream Processing Architecture DellEMC - Getting it Right Exactly...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide -- US and International Industry Solutions:...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLevelDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTimesTen
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