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DBMS > 4D vs. etcd vs. LevelDB vs. OmniSci vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. etcd vs. LevelDB vs. OmniSci vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed reliable key-value storeEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesA high performance, column-oriented RDBMS, specifically developed to harness the massive parallelism of modern CPU and GPU hardwareA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeKey-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score11.54
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score3.08
Rank#98  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score1.27
Rank#153  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.cometcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
github.com/­google/­leveldbgithub.com/­omnisci/­omniscidb
www.omnisci.com
www.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.cometcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
github.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.omnisci.comdocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, IncGoogleMapD Technologies, Inc.
Initial release1984201120162017
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.4, August 20191.23, February 20215.10, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++C++ and CUDAC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesnonono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nonoyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Vega
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnononoyes
Triggersyesyes, watching key changesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoRound robin
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.noneMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionetcdLevelDBOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018TigerGraph
Specific characteristicsOptimizes memory and compute layers to deliver unprecedented performance. Natively...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesOnly OmniSci allows users to visually and interactively discover high-value patterns,...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosSpatiotemporal and interactive visual analysis on massive, disparate datasets.
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOmniSci Free (Free Forever), Foundations ($2k/month), and Enterprise Licensure (Inquire...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionetcdLevelDBOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018TigerGraph
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