DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.97
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
Developer4D, IncGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release198420111989
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.23, February 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLevelDBMicrosoft SQL Server
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Infected with Remote Access Trojan (or Banking trojan) - Virus, Trojan, Spyware, and Malware Removal Help
19 August 2021, BleepingComputer

Malicious npm package caught trying to steal sensitive Discord and browser files
28 August 2020, ZDNet

The best IoT databases for the edge – an overview and guide
15 October 2020, AZ Big Media

Squeezing More Performance Out Of The Linux Kernel With Clang + LTO
21 July 2021, Phoronix

Npm package caught stealing sensitive Discord and browser files
9 November 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Microsoft Open Sources .NET 5 C# Language Extension for SQL Server
10 September 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

How to Exploit SQL Server Using OLE Automation
6 September 2021, Security Boulevard

Managing SQL Server Agent Jobs with Notebook Jobs in Azure Data Studio - Microsoft
31 August 2021, Channel 9

Why Activity Monitor May Be Hurting Your SQL Server's Performance
25 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

How to Exploit SQL Server Using Registry Keys
7 September 2021, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Communications Specialist, Hennepin County
Minnesota Judicial Branch, Minneapolis, MN

Senior Software Engineer
IT People, Morrisville, NC

Senior Software Engineer- Database Engineering
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Senior Software Engineer - FoundationDB
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Principal Engineer - Database Engineering
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Product Manager
Rakuten Advertising, New York, NY

SQL Server Database Administrator - Information Management
Costco Wholesale, Chicago, IL

SQL Server Developer - Telecommute
UnitedHealth Group, Edina, MN

SQL Server Developer
The Oncology Institute of Hope and Innovation, Cerritos, CA

SQL Server Database Administrators
Ziras Technologies, Newark, DE

SQL Developer
Health Advocate, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here