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DBMS > 4D vs. LeanXcale vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. LeanXcale vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonObjectBox  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceExtremely fast embedded database for small devices, IoT and MobileIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Object oriented DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#131  Relational DBMS
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.93
Rank#181  Overall
#8  Object oriented DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.leanxcale.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbobjectbox.iowww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.objectbox.iodocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncLeanXcaleMicrosoftObjectBox LimitedOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842015201420171998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
iOS
Linux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Proprietary native APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
Java
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Dart
Go
Java
JavaScript infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Kotlin
Python infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Swift
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptnoPL/SQL
TriggersyesJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceonline/offline synchronization between client and serverMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLeanXcaleMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxTimesTen
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
News

Beginner C++ Database Tutorial: How to use ObjectBox
24 November 2021

Beginner C++ tutorial: ObjectBox installation
26 October 2021

ObjectBox Database Java / Kotlin 3.0 + CRUD Benchmarks
19 October 2021

Building a Business on Open Source
1 July 2021

IoT, Edge Computing, and Digitalization in Healthcare
28 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLeanXcaleMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxTimesTen
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