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DBMS > 4D vs. LeanXcale vs. Memcached vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. LeanXcale vs. Memcached vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesIn-memory key-value store, originally intended for cachingCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Key-value storeRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#292  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#136  Relational DBMS
Score24.95
Rank#33  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Score19.29
Rank#38  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.leanxcale.comwww.memcached.orgwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikivertica.com/­documentation
Developer4D, IncLeanXcaleDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournalMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release1984201520032005
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.6.15, March 202211.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesnoNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infothrough Apache DerbynoFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
Java
Scala
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyesnoyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallityMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocolfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLeanXcaleMemcachedVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
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Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
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Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionLeanXcaleMemcachedVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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