DBMS > 4D vs. Kingbase vs. Trafodion
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Kingbase vs. Trafodion
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||Kingbase Xexclude from comparison||Trafodion Xexclude from comparison|
|Apache Trafodion has been retired in 2021. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||An enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.||Transactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||4D, Inc||BeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.||Apache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP|
|Current release||v18 R5, January 2021||V8.0, August 2021||2.3.0, February 2019|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C and Java||C++, Java|
|Server operating systems||OS X|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||Standard with numerous extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||user defined functions||Java Stored Procedures|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||horizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioning||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication||yes||yes, via HBase|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||yes via user defined functions and HBase|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|4D former name: 4th Dimension||Kingbase||Trafodion|
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