DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Ingres vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Ingres vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringWell established RDBMSIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#99  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.40
Rank#227  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score5.67
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score145.64
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score50.82
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilywww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmdocs.actian.com/­ingresredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncMcObjectActian CorporationSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP
Initial release198420011974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s20092010
Current releasev18.1, March 20208.1, November 201911.0, April 20176.0.1, May 20202.0 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageC and C++CC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availableno infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyesLuaSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Ingres ReplicatorMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes infoMVCCyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBIngresRedisSAP HANA
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed Redis-as-a-Service in the cloud.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBIngresRedisSAP HANA
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

MongoDB is the DBMS of the year, defending the title from last year
7 January 2015, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Pessimistic Optimistic Generic Ref to Images
2 June 2020, Embedded Computing Design

eXtremeDB 8.1 adds features for easier, more sophisticated database management
19 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

McObject's eXtremeDB for HPC is now available on AWS
15 October 2019, GlobeNewswire

Unique Active Replication Fabric feature announced by McObject for its eXtremeDB IoT SDK bundle
13 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

Distributed Database Systems' Relevance to the Internet of Things
5 December 2019, Embedded Computing Design

provided by Google News

Actian Avalanche Real-Time Connected Data Warehouse adds integration
28 April 2020, TechTarget

Java Language Extensions for SQL Server Open Sourced
25 May 2020, iProgrammer

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release • DEVCLASS
3 October 2019, DevClass

The Graph Market Is Standardizing and That's Great News for Users
2 December 2019, RTInsights

Ingres 11 Technical Preview
21 June 2016, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Database Week: Microsoft OEMs Redis Enterprise for Azure
12 May 2020, ZDNet

Redis Labs expands database to real-time data processing
13 May 2020, TechTarget

Redis Labs Releases Platform with Real-Time AI Capabilities
27 May 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Cloud Database Market 2020 Size, Share, Top Manufacturers – Microsoft, Redis Labs, EnterpriseDB, Couchbase, Oracle and More, Forecast 2027
5 June 2020, Cole of Duty

Live analytics without vendor lock-in? It's more likely than you think, says Redis Labs
26 May 2020, The Register

provided by Google News

Matthew Zenus of SAP shares perspective on democratization of technology
5 June 2020, Geospatial World

SAP Launches S/4 HANA Cloud and SAP Commerce Cloud in India
5 June 2020, MarTech Series

SAP HANA database turns 10
15 May 2020, TechTarget

Huawei's SAP HANA Solution Gets a Makeover with Intel Optane PMem
7 May 2020, Network World

SAP HANA on Linux - the best Linux platform is SUSE Enterprise
22 May 2020, TechHQ

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Developer I
VariQ Corporation, Elizabeth City, NC

PADS System Manager
Mirion Technologies, Meriden, CT

Senior Program Analyst
American Mathematical Society, Ann Arbor, MI

Application Developer II (.Net/C#)
VariQ Corporation, Elizabeth City, NC

Application Developer II (C Programming)
VariQ Corporation, Elizabeth City, NC

PostgreSQL Database Admin
AWeber, Philadelphia, PA

Senior Database Infrastructure Engineer
Etsy, Brooklyn, NY

Lead Database Administrator
VirtualHealth, New York, NY

Senior Database Engineer
Genity, New York, NY

Systems: Database Engineer
D. E. Shaw & Co., L.P., New York, NY

SAP IBP/SAC- HANA Admin
Maddisoft, Manhattan, NY

SAP HANA
e-Biz Technologies, Norwalk, CT

SAP C/4 HANA Billing Managing Consultant (Hybris)
IBM, United States

SAP HANA – Data Modelling
CSI Solutions, San Jose, CA

SAP HANA Modeler
Technovatrix, Dallas, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Present your product here