DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Ingres vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Ingres vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWell established RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#110  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score6.11
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score1238.25
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncActian CorporationOracle
Initial release19841974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s1980
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111.0, April 201719c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslySharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationIngres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionIngresOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

Oracle Cloud World
Las Vegas, 17-20 October 2022

Recent citations in the news

Open source databases: What are they and why do they matter?
5 September 2022, The Register

Actian’s plan for the AI era
27 May 2022, Protocol

Actian Launches Ingres as a Fully-Managed Cloud Service
24 September 2021, Integration Developers

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative at Actian Hybrid Data Conference 2021
25 May 2021, Business Wire

Neon nabs $30M to build a scalable cloud service for Postgres databases
26 July 2022, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Oracle - Oracle Announces Fiscal 2023 First Quarter Financial Results - Oracle
12 September 2022, Investor Relations

Oracle: Hits A New Low, Outperformed During Three Prior Recessions, Buy (NYSE:ORCL)
27 September 2022, Seeking Alpha

How to Migrate an Oracle Database to MySQL Using AWS Database Migration Service
7 September 2022, InfoQ.com

Why Oracle and Google Will Do the Multi-Cloud Boogaloo
20 September 2022, Acceleration Economy

Oracle verifies third-party licensing tools for Java
26 September 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Developer
COMPQSOFT, Elizabeth City, NC

Intelligence Analyst
CACI, Dahlgren, VA

SOFTWARE ENGINEER
University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Database Administrator II - III
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA

Systems Analyst
Teradyne Infotech, Farmington Hills, MI

Database Administrator II
University of Maine, Orono, ME

Oracle Database Administrator
California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS), Sacramento, CA

Data Analyst (Remote)
Home Depot / THD, Atlanta, GA

ORACLE DATABASE ADMINISTRATORS
TIMESQUARE IT, Peachtree Corners, GA

Domestic Admissions Freshman Reviewer
University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

Present your product here