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DBMS > 4D vs. Ingres

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Ingres

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWell established RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.54
Rank#105  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score5.22
Rank#65  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbms
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.actian.com/­ingres
Developer4D, IncActian Corporation
Initial release19841974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111.0, April 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files available
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneously
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationIngres Replicator
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionIngres
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative
25 May 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative at Actian Hybrid Data Conference 2021
25 May 2021, Business Wire

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15 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Digital transformation, changes in the database market drive Postgres growth
25 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

PostgreSQL Is DB-Engines DBMS of the Year For 2020
15 January 2021, iProgrammer

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