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DBMS > 4D vs. c-treeACE vs. Informix vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. c-treeACE vs. Informix vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonc-treeACE  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh speed key-value store, desgined for high availability, mission critical applications with automatic recovery and immediately consistent transaction support.A secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides DB2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.72
Rank#93  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#204  Overall
#34  Key-value stores
#98  Relational DBMS
Score24.89
Rank#28  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score0.14
Rank#267  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.faircom.com/­-products/­-c-treeacewww.ibm.com/­products/­informixgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comlearn.faircomcorp.com/­developers/­documentation_directoryinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
docs.nebula-graph.io
Developer4D, IncFairCom CorporationIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.Vesoft Inc.
Initial release1984197919842019
Current releasev17.0, July 2018V11.5, November 201714.10.FC3, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoRestricted, free version availablecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageANSI C, C++C, C++ and JavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
QNX
SCO
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows infoeasily portable to other OSs
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, ANSI Standard SQL Typesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infoANSI SQL queriesyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
Direct SQL
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes info.Net, JavaScript, C/C++yes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneFile partitioning, horizontal partitioning, sharding infoCustomizable business rules for table partitioningShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes infoSynchronous and asynchronous realtime replication based on transaction logsMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infowhen using SQLyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoacross SQL and NoSQLyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsFine grained user, group and file access rights managed across SQL (per ANSI standard) and NoSQL.Users with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th Dimensionc-treeACEInformixNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsSpeed, reliability and consistency are the reasons businesses choose FairCom’s c-treeACE...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linear scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesTop Features High-speed transaction processing Immediately consistent, ACID-compliant,...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosc-treeACE speed, reliability, and flexibility are direct reasons this technology...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersVISA, UPS, Verizon, Motorola, CommVault, Thomson Reuters, ACI, BNY Mellon, Rockwell...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsFrom banking and financial transactions, transportation, warehouse automation, package...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received over a thousand stars...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsJust as the technical aspects of c-treeACE are flexible to meet operation requirements,...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th Dimensionc-treeACEInformixNebula Graph
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