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DBMS > 4D vs. InfluxDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. PouchDB vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. InfluxDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. PouchDB vs. SingleStore

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infowith GEO packageDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.40
Rank#111  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score28.64
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#232  Overall
#111  Relational DBMS
Score2.68
Rank#104  Overall
#18  Document stores
Score5.27
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.postgres-xl.orgpouchdb.comwww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationpouchdb.com/­guidesdocs.singlestore.com
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationSingleStore Inc.
Initial release198420132014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB20122013
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.0.2, November 202010 R1, October 20187.1.1, June 20197.3, December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Sourcecommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation languageGoCJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux
macOS
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query executionnoyes, but no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScriptBash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functionsView functions in JavaScriptyes
Triggersyesnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoin enterprise version onlyhorizontal partitioningSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungeSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency only within each node
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoMVCCnoACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITED
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoDepending on used storage enginenoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupssimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionInfluxDBPostgres-XLPouchDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
SingleStore is The No Limits Databaseā„¢, powering modern applications and analytical...
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Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
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Performance - Shattering the Trillion-Rows-Per-Second Barrier Fast data ingest -...
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Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
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Real-Time Analytics Internet of Things Personalization and Recommendations Risk Management...
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Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
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Comcast - Real-time Stream Processing Architecture DellEMC - Getting it Right Exactly...
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Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
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Customers in various industries worldwide -- US and International Industry Solutions:...
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Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
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F ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more
News

TL;DR InfluxDB Tech Tips: Functions in InfluxDB v2
22 June 2021

TL;DR InfluxDB Tech Tips: Parameterized Flux Queries with InfluxDB
21 June 2021

Release Announcement: InfluxDB Enterprise 1.9
17 June 2021

Release Announcement: Telegraf 1.19.0
17 June 2021

Release Announcement: InfluxDB OSS 2.0.7
7 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionInfluxDBPostgres-XLPouchDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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Conferences and events

SingleStore Google Cloud Dev Day
Virtual Workshop, 23 June 2021 (finished)

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