DBMS > 4D vs. InfinityDB vs. Spark SQL
System Properties Comparison 4D vs. InfinityDB vs. Spark SQL
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||4D former name: 4th Dimension Xexclude from comparison||InfinityDB Xexclude from comparison||Spark SQL Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Application development environment with integrated database management system||A Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interface||Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Key-value store||Relational DBMS|
|Developer||4D, Inc||Boiler Bay Inc.||Apache Software Foundation|
|Current release||v18 R5, January 2021||4.0||3.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||OS X|
|All OS with a Java VM||Linux|
|Data scheme||yes||yes nested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical â€˜tuple spaceâ€™ runtime Schema upgrade||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes all Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arrays||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|Secondary indexes||yes||no manual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capability||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes close to SQL 92||no||SQL-like DML and DDL statements|
|APIs and other access methods||ODBC|
RESTful HTTP API by using 4D Mobile
|Access via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface|
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/docs/ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
|Supported programming languages||4D proprietary IDE|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||no||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||none||yes, utilizing Spark Core|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication||none||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency READ-COMMITTED or SERIALIZED|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no manual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capability||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID Optimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loads||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users and groups||no||no|
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|4D former name: 4th Dimension||InfinityDB||Spark SQL|
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