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DBMS > 4D vs. atoti vs. InfinityDB vs. RethinkDB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. atoti vs. InfinityDB vs. RethinkDB vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonatoti  Xexclude from comparisonInfinityDB  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.A Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interfaceDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSObject oriented DBMSKey-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#265  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#325  Overall
#50  Key-value stores
Score3.22
Rank#95  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.atoti.ioboilerbay.comrethinkdb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comboilerbay.com/­infinitydb/­manualrethinkdb.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncActiveViamBoiler Bay Inc.The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984200220091998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20214.02.4.1, August 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree versions availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infonested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical ‘tuple space’ runtime Schema upgradeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoall Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arraysyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesno infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Multidimensional Expressions (MDX)nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Access via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/­docs/­ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaC infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPythonnoPL/SQL
TriggersyesnoClient-side triggers through changefeedsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneSharding inforange basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoREAD-COMMITTED or SERIALIZEDImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilitynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoOptimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loadsAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoyes infousers and table-level permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiInfinityDBRethinkDBTimesTen
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