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DBMS > 4D vs. atoti vs. InfinityDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. atoti vs. InfinityDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonatoti  Xexclude from comparisonInfinityDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.A Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interfaceA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSObject oriented DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#265  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#325  Overall
#50  Key-value stores
Score1.14
Rank#161  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.atoti.ioboilerbay.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comboilerbay.com/­infinitydb/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncActiveViamBoiler Bay Inc.Vesoft Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984200220191998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20214.011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree versions availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infonested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical ‘tuple space’ runtime Schema upgradeStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoall Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arraysyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesno infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Multidimensional Expressions (MDX)noSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Access via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/­docs/­ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaC++
Go
Java
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPythonnoPL/SQL
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocolMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoREAD-COMMITTED or SERIALIZEDImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoOptimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loadsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiInfinityDBNebula GraphTimesTen
News

How to Perform Load Testing against Nebula Graph with K6
1 December 2021

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Introducing TOSS: Achieving Eventual Consistency of Edges in Nebula Graph
11 November 2021

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiInfinityDBNebula GraphTimesTen
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