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DBMS > 4D vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. Lovefield

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. Lovefield

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Analytic DBMS for HadoopEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScript
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score6.03
Rank#66  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
#36  Relational DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#275  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comignite.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlgoogle.github.io/­lovefield
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.md
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationClouderaGoogle
Initial release1984201520132014
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021Apache Ignite 2.64.0.0, July 20212.1.12, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++, Java, .NetC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92ANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder pattern
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersyesyes (cache interceptors and events)noUsing read-only observers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes (replicated cache)selectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Database
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionIgniteImpalaLovefield
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