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DBMS > 4D vs. ITTIA vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ITTIA vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonITTIA  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEdge Time Series DBMS with Real-Time Stream ProcessingA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#279  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#337  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.ittia.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
www.xtdb.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comwww.xtdb.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncITTIA L.L.C.Juxt Ltd.
Initial release198420072019
Current releasev20, April 20238.71.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Clojure
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesFixed schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesFloat/Blob/Integer/String/Unicode/Date/Time/Timestamp/Intervalyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yeslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsDatabase file passwords

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionITTIAXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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