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DBMS > 4D vs. ITTIA vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ITTIA vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonITTIA  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEdge Time Series DBMS with Real-Time Stream ProcessingWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#279  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Score1.90
Rank#127  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.ittia.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­berkeleydb.html
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
Developer4D, IncITTIA L.L.C.Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release198420071994
Current releasev20, April 20238.718.1.40, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesFixed schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesFloat/Blob/Integer/String/Unicode/Date/Time/Timestamp/Intervalno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyesnoyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsDatabase file passwordsno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionITTIAOracle Berkeley DB
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