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DBMS > 4D vs. ITTIA vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. ITTIA vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonITTIA  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEdge Time Series DBMS with Real-Time Stream ProcessingWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#279  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Score1240.37
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.ittia.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncITTIA L.L.C.Oracle
Initial release198420071980
Current releasev20, April 20238.723c, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesFixed schemayes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesFloat/Blob/Integer/String/Unicode/Date/Time/Timestamp/Intervalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsDatabase file passwordsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionITTIAOracle
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