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DBMS > 4D vs. Ingres vs. ITTIA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Ingres vs. ITTIA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonITTIA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWell established RDBMSEdge Time Series DBMS with Real-Time Stream Processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score3.80
Rank#77  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#279  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.actian.com/­databases/­ingreswww.ittia.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdocs.actian.com/­ingres
Developer4D, IncActian CorporationITTIA L.L.C.
Initial release19841974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2007
Current releasev20, April 202311.2, May 20228.7
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesFixed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesFloat/Blob/Integer/String/Unicode/Date/Time/Timestamp/Interval
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneously
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationIngres Replicatoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardDatabase file passwords

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionIngresITTIA
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