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DBMS > 4D vs. Hive vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Hive vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score83.45
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#245  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comhive.apache.orgtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Hometrafodion.apache.org
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release198420122014
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.2, August 20192.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factoryes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHiveTrafodion
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