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DBMS > 4D vs. Hive vs. LeanXcale vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Hive vs. LeanXcale vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#110  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score78.43
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comhive.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookLeanXcaleOracle
Initial release1984201220152011
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.2, August 201922.2, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C
Java
Scala
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factorElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHiveLeanXcaleOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHiveLeanXcaleOracle NoSQL
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