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DBMS > 4D vs. Hive vs. Ignite vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Hive vs. Ignite vs. Impala

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Analytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score85.58
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score4.85
Rank#74  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
#41  Relational DBMS
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comhive.apache.orgignite.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homeapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookApache Software FoundationCloudera
Initial release1984201220152013
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.2, August 2019Apache Ignite 2.63.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++, Java, .NetC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like DML and DDL statementsANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyesnoyes (cache interceptors and events)no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factoryes (replicated cache)selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users, groups and rolesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHiveIgniteImpala
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