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DBMS > 4D vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. QuestDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. QuestDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonQuestDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA high performance open source SQL database for time series data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#323  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score17.98
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1.11
Rank#165  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsquestdb.io
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsquestdb.io/­docs/­introduction
Developer4D, IncSpotifyMicrosoftQuestDB Limited
Initial release1984201420162014
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoschema-free via InfluxDB Line Protocol
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
InfluxDB Line Protocol (TCP/UDP)
JDBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
Java
PHP
C infoPostgreSQL driver
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust infoover HTTP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoTransact SQLno
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by timestamps)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesyesConfigurable consistency for N replicas
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID for single-table writes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infothrough memory mapped files
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHeroicMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseQuestDB
Specific characteristicsRelational model with native time series support Column based storage and time partitioned...
» more
Competitive advantagesReal-time data ingestion and istant SQL queries for time series High performance...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication metrics Financial market data and algo trading DevOps monitoring Real-time...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0.
» more
News

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHeroicMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseQuestDB
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