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DBMS > 4D vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#315  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.4d.comspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
Developer4D, IncSpotifyMicrosoft
Initial release198420142014
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJavaScript
TriggersyesnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHeroicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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Recent citations in the news

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7 September 2016, InfoWorld

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30 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB incident underscores the need to closely watch cloud data – Urgent Comms
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25 May 2021, MSPoweruser

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18 October 2021, iProgrammer

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