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DBMS > 4D vs. HBase vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. HBase vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score48.35
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comhbase.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comhbase.apache.orgdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetOracle
Initial release198420081980
Current releasev18.1, March 20202.2.0, June 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoCoprocessors in JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHBaseOracle
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
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Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionHBaseOracle
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