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DBMS > 4D vs. etcd vs. HBase vs. LevelDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. etcd vs. HBase vs. LevelDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed reliable key-value storeWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeWide column storeKey-value storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score11.54
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score43.99
Rank#25  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score3.08
Rank#98  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.cometcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
hbase.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.cometcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
hbase.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetGoogle
Initial release1984200820112017
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.4, August 20192.3.4, January 20211.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnooptions to bring your own types, AVROnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesnonono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nononoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infoCoprocessors in Javanoyes
Triggersyesyes, watching key changesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionetcdHBaseLevelDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionetcdHBaseLevelDBTigerGraph
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