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DBMS > 4D vs. atoti vs. H2 vs. Nebula Graph vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. atoti vs. H2 vs. Nebula Graph vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonatoti  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSObject oriented DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.92
Rank#106  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.35
Rank#260  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Score9.92
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score2.05
Rank#122  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.atoti.iowww.h2database.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncActiveViamThomas MuellerVesoft Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984200520191998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.4.200, October 201911 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree versions availableOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Multidimensional Expressions (MDX)yesSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaC++
Go
Java
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPythonJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsPL/SQL
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseCausal Clustering using Raft protocolMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiH2Nebula GraphTimesTen
News

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Introducing TOSS: Achieving Eventual Consistency of Edges in Nebula Graph
11 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6 Release Note
8 November 2021

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiH2Nebula GraphTimesTen
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Recent citations in the news

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
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19 January 2021, The Next Platform

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provided by Google News



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