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DBMS > 4D vs. GridDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GridDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. ObjectBox vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonObjectBox  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemScalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceExtremely fast embedded database for small devices, IoT and MobileIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Object oriented DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score1.27
Rank#151  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.93
Rank#181  Overall
#8  Object oriented DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgriddb.netazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbobjectbox.iowww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.griddb.netdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.objectbox.iodocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncToshiba CorporationMicrosoftObjectBox LimitedOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842013201420171998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20214.6, February 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxhostedAndroid
iOS
Linux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)SQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Proprietary protocolDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Proprietary native APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Dart
Go
Java
JavaScript infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Kotlin
Python infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Swift
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJavaScriptnoPL/SQL
TriggersyesyesJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceonline/offline synchronization between client and serverMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID at container levelMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGridDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxTimesTen
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
News

Beginner C++ Database Tutorial: How to use ObjectBox
24 November 2021

Beginner C++ tutorial: ObjectBox installation
26 October 2021

ObjectBox Database Java / Kotlin 3.0 + CRUD Benchmarks
19 October 2021

Building a Business on Open Source
1 July 2021

IoT, Edge Computing, and Digitalization in Healthcare
28 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGridDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBObjectBoxTimesTen
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Recent citations in the news

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30 August 2021, Dark Reading

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Azure Cosmos DB Conf - Microsoft
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ObjectBox has built a distributed database for the IoT
17 September 2019, Stacey on IoT

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