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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Greenplum vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. Greenplum vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#104  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score0.41
Rank#231  Overall
#110  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score11.77
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score51.34
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilypivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmgpdb.docs.pivotal.iohelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncMcObjectPivotal Software Inc.SAP
Initial release1984200120052010
Current releasev18.1, March 20208.1, November 20196.7.1, April 20202.0 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availableyes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyesSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Master-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Master-slave replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBGreenplumSAP HANA
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
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Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBGreenplumSAP HANA
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