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DBMS > 4D vs. Graphite vs. Postgres-XL vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Graphite vs. Postgres-XL vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#99  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score3.63
Rank#83  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.52
Rank#206  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comgraphite.readthedocs.iowww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
Developer4D, IncChris DavisTeradata
Initial release198420062014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2005
Current releasev18.1, March 202010 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Linux
macOS
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functionsR packages
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationnoneyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraphitePostgres-XLTeradata Aster
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