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DBMS > 4D vs. GraphDB vs. GreptimeDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GraphDB vs. GreptimeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonGreptimeDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.An open source Time Series DBMS built for increased scalability, high performance and efficiency
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.87
Rank#98  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.05
Rank#352  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.ontotext.comgreptime.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.greptime.com
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
Developer4D, IncOntotextGreptime Inc.
Initial release198420002022
Current releasev20, April 202310.4, October 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaRust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
Docker
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92stored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
gRPC
HTTP API
JDBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityPython
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoConstraint checking
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Simple rights management via user accounts
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGreptimeDB
Specific characteristicsOntotext GraphDB is a semantic database engine that allows organizations to build...
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GreptimeDB is a SQL & Python-enabled timeseries database system built from scratch...
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Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
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- Inherits advantages of Rust, such as excellent performance, memory safe, resource...
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Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked data publishing, semantic inferencing...
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For IoT industries, GreptimeDB can seamless integrate with message queues and other...
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Key customers​ GraphDB provides a platform for building next-generation AI and Knowledge Graph...
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Greptime's clients span multiple sectors including IoT, connected vehicles, and energy...
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Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
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GreptimeDB has garnered global recognition by topping GitHub trends following its...
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Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB Free is a non-commercial version and is free to use. GraphDB Enterprise edition...
» more
GreptimeDB: open source, distributed, cloud-native TSDB; supports Hybrid Time-series...
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGreptimeDB
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