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DBMS > 4D vs. Graph Engine vs. openGauss

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Graph Engine vs. openGauss

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonopenGauss  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by Huawei
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.47
Rank#110  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.67
Rank#232  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#34  Key-value stores
Score1.06
Rank#184  Overall
#84  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.graphengine.iogitee.com/­opengauss
opengauss.org
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.opengauss.org/­en
gitee.com/­opengauss/­docs
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftHuawei and openGauss community
Initial release198420102019
Current releasev20, April 20233.0, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC, C++, Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
.NETLinux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noANSI SQL 2011
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityopenGauss
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