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DBMS > 4D vs. Graph Engine vs. MaxDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Graph Engine vs. MaxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#232  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#33  Key-value stores
Score2.20
Rank#113  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.graphengine.iomaxdb.sap.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualmaxdb.sap.com/­documentation
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997
Initial release198420101984
Current releasev20, April 20237.9.10.12, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
.NETAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D
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