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DBMS > 4D vs. Graph Engine vs. Graphite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Graph Engine vs. Graphite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called Whisper
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#118  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score1.27
Rank#180  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score6.80
Rank#65  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.graphengine.iogithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-web
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualgraphite.readthedocs.io
Developer4D, IncMicrosoftChris Davis
Initial release198420102006
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CPython
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
.NETLinux
Unix
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIHTTP API
Sockets
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolocking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityGraphite
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