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DBMS > 4D vs. Graph Engine

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Graph Engine

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Our visitors often compare 4D and Graph Engine with Microsoft SQL Server, SAP HANA and PostgreSQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engine
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#108  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.61
Rank#240  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#35  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.graphengine.io
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manual
Developer4D, IncMicrosoft
Initial release19842010
Current releasev20, April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
.NET
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storage
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groups

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity
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