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DBMS > 4D vs. Grakn vs. Graphite vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Grakn vs. Graphite vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.47
Rank#213  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#102  Relational DBMS
Score3.46
Rank#79  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1.65
Rank#121  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgrakn.aigithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.janusgraph.org
Developer4D, IncGrakn LabsChris DavisLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release1984201620062017
Current releasev17.0, July 20181.7.1, April 20200.5.0, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaPythonJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nonono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
HTTP API
Sockets
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoby using Cassandranoneyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandranoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressnoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraknGraphiteJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 1/2
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Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

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14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGraknGraphiteJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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