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DBMS > 4D vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. H2

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. H2

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score8.64
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score10.12
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.h2database.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
Developer4D, IncGoogleThomas Mueller
Initial release198420172005
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.4.200, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud FunctionsJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions
Triggersyesyes, with Cloud Functionsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGoogle Cloud FirestoreH2
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Recent citations in the news

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10 November 2021, XDA Developers

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Google launches Cloud Firestore, a new document database for app developers
3 October 2017, TechCrunch

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